The World EXPO is the most significant international event of the exhibition business. This is not only the largest international exhibition of the latest scientific and technological advances, but also the synergy of history, traditions, and culture all over the world.
The host country and location for EXPO are traditionally selected by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) by voting.
The history of World Expos dates back to 1851. That was the year of the first world exhibition, “The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations”, held in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park in the centre of London, which became a significant milestone in the history of the industrial revolution. It was visited by about a third of the population of Great Britain. In 1855 France took the initiative to host the World EXPO.
(the latest one in Astana in 2017)
Originally World Expos served as a platform for demonstrating industrial achievements of countries, where the latest technologies were presented, such as the sewing machine (London, 1862), the telephone (Philadelphia, 1876) and the first escalator (Paris, 1900). Spectacular architecture of exhibition pavilions and special facilities played a significant role in the popularization of EXPO. Through World Expos the world saw the Crystal Palace in London and the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the construction of which was timed to coincide with EXPO 1889.
World Expos have changed their focus over time. Following World War II, the organizers of World Expos began to pay attention not only to advances in technology, but also to global issues facing humanity. Man and his place in the world, ecology and urbanization – these aspects form the basis for new contemporary topics of subsequent Expos, giving the participants a framework for their exposition.
As an example, EXPO 2000 in Hanover focused on the theme “Humanity, Nature and Technology”, and EXPO 2010 in Shanghai was on the topic “Better City, Better Life”. The main theme of EXPO 2020 Dubai is “Connecting Minds, Creating the Future”.
World exhibition has not only become a symbol of industrialization, a base for familiarizing with various inventions, the latest technologies, advances of the contemporary genius, but also the largest international forum for communication among all countries.